BLUTHNER

Julius Bliithner was horn in Falkenhain, Germany, in 1824 and like so many piano makers started his career as a cabinet maker. In 1853, having worked for the German piano makers Hölling and Spangenburg in Zeitz, he set up on his own with very little capital to build grand pianos.

The key to the marketing achievements of the company followed the success of Bliithner's pianos at the Industrial Exhibition of 1854 in Munich. Julius Bliithner subsequently had his pianos accepted into the Leipzig Conservatory of Music, which attracted international students. Such was the quaIity of Bliithner's instruments thaI the Conservatory's students spread the word about these great new pianos, and demand for Bliithners soon followed '. from around the world.

The growth of the Bliithner company was remarkable. By the end of its fourth year the company employed 14 men and by 1864 there were 137 workers on the payroll. Until 1900 Bliithner was the second biggest manufacturer of pianos in Europe, making some 3,000 instruments a year. It is said that Julius Bliithner still managed to check every instrument that left the factory.

Bliithner was not highly educated but he did have a remarkable 'ear' and through constant experimentation developed several techniques to improve grand pianos and upright pianos. His greatest contribution was the aliquot system, in which he added a fourth string to notes in the upper octaves. This string was left free to vibrate sympathetically and was tuned in unison with the other three strings in the extreme treble (and an octave above in the tenor section). Bliithner developed this system over a period of several years following his theoretical work with H. Gretschel, and patented it in 1873. The extra strings add a pleasing 'singing' quaiity to the tone of the upper octaves, and the system is still used on Bliithner instruments of today.

Julius Bliithner died in 1910 in Leipzig, and the company was taken over by his sons Max, Robert and Bruno. However, the growth of the earlier years was not sustained. During World War II the German factory was completely destroyed by bombing, bot arter the war the company was encouraged by the East German government to resume production, and to facilitate production Bliithner shared many of its facilities with the Bechstein company.

  • År       Prod.nr.
  • 1853 - 700
  • 1855 - 1500
  • 1860 - 2500
  • 1862 - 4800
  • 1865 - 6500
  • 1868 - 8100
  • 1870 - 9200
  • 1875 - 13200
  • 1880 - 18500
  • 1885 - 25000
  • 1890 - 31000
  • 1891 - 32000
  • 1892 - 34000
  • 1893 - 36000
  • 1894 - 39000
  • 1895 - 42000
  • 1896 - 45000
  • 1897 - 47000
  • 1898 - 49000
  • 1899 - 52000
  • 1900 - 55000
  • 1901 - 57500
  • 1902 - 60000
  • 1903 - 62500
  • 1904 - 65000
  • 1905 - 67500
  • 1906 - 70000
  • 1907 - 72500
  • 1908 - 75000
  • 1909 - 78000
  • 1910 - 81000
  • 1911 - 84000
  • 1912 - 87000
  • 1913 - 90000
  • 1914 - 93000
  • 1915 - 94000
  • 1916 - 95000
  • 1917 - 96000
  • 1918 - 97000
  • 1919 - 98000
  • År       Prod.nr.
  • 1920 - 100000
  • 1921 - 101500
  • 1922 - 103000
  • 1923 - 105000
  • 1924 - 107000
  • 1925 - 109000
  • 1926 - 111000
  • 1927 - 112000
  • 1928 - 113000
  • 1929 - 114000
  • 1930 - 115000
  • 1931 - 115500
  • 1932 - 116000
  • 1933 - 117000
  • 1934 - 118000
  • 1935 - 119500
  • 1936 - 120700
  • 1937 - 122000
  • 1938 - 123500
  • 1939 - 124500
  • 1940 - 125500
  • 1942 - 126000
  • 1943 - 127000
  • 1946 - 128000
  • 1947 - 128100
  • 1948 - 128200
  • 1949 - 128500
  • 1950 - 128800
  • 1951 - 129100
  • 1952 - 129400
  • 1953 - 129800
  • 1943 - 127000
  • 1946 - 128000
  • 1947 - 128100
  • 1948 - 128200
  • 1943 - 127000
  • 1946 - 128000
  • 1947 - 128100
  • 1948 - 128200
  • 1949 - 128500
  • År       Prod.nr.
  • 1950 - 128800
  • 1951 - 129100
  • 1952 - 129400
  • 1953 - 129800
  • 1954 - 130100
  • 1955 - 130600
  • 1956 - 131000
  • 1957 - 131600
  • 1958 - 132000
  • 1959 - 132450
  • 1960 - 133006
  • 1961 - 135500
  • 1962 - 136000
  • 1963 - 136500
  • 1964 - 137000
  • 1965 - 137500
  • 1966 - 138000
  • 1967 - 138500
  • 1968 - 139000
  • 1969 - 139500
  • 1970 - 140000
  • 1971 - 140500
  • 1972 - 141000
  • 1973 - 141500
  • 1974 - 142000
  • 1975 - 142500
  • 1976 - 143000
  • 1977 - 143500
  • 1978 - 144000
  • 1979 - 144500
  • 1980 - 145000
  • 1981 - 144500
  • 1982 - 150000